Introduction to Aeronautical Engineering
To survey aerospace history, discuss pertinent topics and introduce basic concepts that promote an understanding of aerospace engineering and the profession. Introduction to flight vehicles in the atmosphere and in space; elements of aerodynamics, airfoils and wings; aerospace technologies including structures, materials and propulsion systems; elements of aircraft performance; basic principles of flight stability, control and systems integration;
Principles of engineering graphics with the emphasis on laboratory use of AUTOCAD software. Plane Geometry, geometrical constructions, joining of arcs, Dimensioning principles, principles of orthographic projection, isometric and oblique drawing, principles of sectioning, reading engineering drawing from blueprints.
Introduction to atomic and electronic structure, chemical bonding, molecular structure and bonding theories, properties of liquids, solids and solutions, chemical equilibrium, kinetics, thermodynamics, metal complexes, organic compounds and nuclear chemistry.
The goal of this course is to provide a calculus-based physics course to help students pursuing advanced studies in engineering develop conceptual understanding of physical principles, the ability to reason, and gain skills for problem solving.
Vectors; kinematics; particle dynamics work and energy; conservation of energy; system of particles; collisions; rotational motion.
Limits and continuity. Derivatives. Rules of differentiation. Higher order derivatives. Chain rule. Related rates. Rolle’s and the mean value theorem. Critical Points. Asymptotes. Curve sketching. Integrals. Fundamental Theorem. Techniques of integration. Definite integrals. Application to geometry and science. Indeterminate forms. L’Hospital’s Rule. Improper integrals. Infinite series. Geometric series. Power series. Taylor series and binomial series.
Matrices, systems of Equations and Inevitability, Diagonal, Triangular and Symmetric Matrices, The Determinant Function, Evaluating Determinants by Row Reduction, Properties of the Determinant Function, Cofactor Expansion; Cramer’s Rule, Euclidean n-space, Linear Transformation, Properties of Linear Transformations, Real Vector Spaces, Subspaces, Linear Independence, Basis and Dimension, Row Space, Column Space and Null space, Rank and Nullity, Inner Products, Angle and Orthogonality in Inner product Spaces , Orthogonal Bases; Gram-Schmidt Process, Eigenvalues and Eigenvectors, Diagonalization.
Creativity and Innovation in Engineering Design
This course introduces student creative and innovative thinking and introduces the engineering professions using multidisciplinary, societally relevant content. Students develop engineering approaches to systems, generate and explore creative and innovative ideas, and use of computational methods to support design decisions. They are encouraged students to participate competitions with design challenges. Students experience the process of design and analysis in engineering including how to work effectively in teams. Students also develop skills in project management, engineering fundamentals, oral and graphical communication, logical thinking, and modern engineering tools (e.g., Excel, MATLAB, FORTRAN). They will learn to take the right steps in solving problems of engineering.
Kinetic theory of ideal gases. Equipartition of energy. Heat, heat transfer and heat conduction. Laws of thermodynamics, applications to engine cycles. Coulombs law and electrostatic fields. Gauss’s law. Electric potential. Magnetic field. Amperes law. Faradays law.
Lines and Planes. Functions of several variables. Limit and continuity. Partial differentiation. Chain rule. Tangent plane. Critical Points. Global and local extrema. Lagrange multipliers. Directional derivative. Gradient, Divergence and Curl. Multiple integrals with applications. Triple integrals with applications. Triple integral in cylindrical and spherical coordinates. Line, surface and volume integrals. Independence of path. Green’s Theorem. Conservative vector fields. Divergence Theorem. Stokes’ Theorem.
Basic computer programming concepts for engineering computations. Programming in different languages will be discussed.
The study of forces, couples and resultants of force systems; free-body diagrams; two- and three-dimensional equilibrium, and problems involving friction; and centroids, center of gravity, and distributed forces.
First-order differential equations. Higher order homogeneous linear differential equations. Solution space. Linear differential equations with constant coefficient. Non-homogeneous linear equations; variation of parameters, operator methods. System of linear differential equations with constant coefficients. Laplace transforms. Power series solutions. Bessel and Legendre equations. Orthogonal functions and Fourier expansions. Introduction to partial differential equations. First- and second-order linear PDE’s. Separation of variables. Heat and wave equations.
CAD and 3-D Printing
Integration of computers into the design cycle. Interactive computer modelling and analysis. Geometrical modelling with wire frame, surface, and solid models. Finite element modelling and analysis. Curves and surfaces and CAD/CAM data exchange. The integration of CAD, CAE and CAM systems.
Different types of materials used in aerospace. Metals, composites, ceramics, polymers. Failure prediction and prevention. Modes of material failure, fracture, fatigue, creep, corrosion, impact. Effect of high temperature and multi-axial loadings. High temperature materials. Cumulative damage in fatigue and creep. Materials selection.
Basic principles of thermodynamics and their application to various systems composed of pure substances and their homogeneous non-reactive mixtures. Simple power production and utilization cycles.
Kinematics of particles and rigid bodies, Newton’s laws of motion, and principles of work-energy and impulse-momentum for particles and rigid bodies.
Mechanics of Materials
Mechanical behaviour of materials; stress; strain; shear and bending moment diagrams; introduction to inelastic action. Analysis and design of structural and machine elements subjected to axial, torsional, and flexural loadings. Combined stresses and stress transformation. Deflections. Introduction to elastic stability.
Processes in Manufacturing
Fundamentals of manufacturing processes and their limitations, metrology, machine shop practice, safety and health considerations, forming, conventional machining and casting processes, welding and joining, plastic production, and non-conventional machining techniques. Sustainable technologies. Laboratory includes instruction and practice on conventional machine tools and a manufacturing project.
Electrics and Electronics
This course provides the basic phenomenon of Electrical Engineering. Topics covered are: Basic electrical quantities, fundamental circuit laws, sinusoidal steady-state analysis and transformers, three-phase circuits, principles of electromechanical energy conversion, DC and AC machines.
Brief review of ideal gas processes. Semi-perfect gases and the gas tables. Mixtures of gases, gases and vapours, air conditioning processes. Combustion and combustion equilibrium. Applications of thermodynamics to power production and utilization systems: study of basic and advanced cycles for gas compression, internal combustion engines, power from steam, gas turbine cycles, and refrigeration.
Fluid Mechanics I
Basic concepts and principles of fluid mechanics. Classification of fluid flow. Hydrostatic forces on plane and curved surfaces, buoyancy and stability, fluids in rigid body motion. Basic properties of fluids in motion. Langrangian and Eulerian viewpoints, materials derivative, streamlines, etc. Mass, momentum, and energy conservation integral equations. Bernoulli equation. Basic concepts of pipe and duct flow. Introduction to Navier-Stokes equations. Similarity and model studied.
Analysis and design of aerospace structures from the standpoint of preliminary design. Deflection and stress analysis of structural components, including thin-walled beams. Material failure of highly stressed components, including connections. Buckling of thin-walled beams and semi-monocoque structures. Durability and damage tolerance strategies for aerospace structures to avoid corrosion, fatigue, and fracture.
Transient vibrations under impulsive shock and arbitrary excitation: normal modes, free and forced vibration. Multi-degree of freedom systems, influence coefficients, orthogonality principle, numerical methods. Continuous systems; longitudinal torsional and flexural free and forced vibrations of prismatic bars. Lagrange’s equations. Vibration measurements.
Signal and System Analysis
Presents fundamental principles and methods of signals and systems for aerospace engineering, and engineering analysis and design concepts applied to aerospace systems. Topics include linear and time invariant systems; convolution; transform analysis; and modulation, filtering, and sampling.
Numerical Analysis for Engineers
Roots of algebraic and transcendental equations; function approximation; numerical differentiation; numerical integration; solution of simultaneous algebraic equations; numerical integration of ordinary differential equations.
Introduction to subsonic aerodynamics, including properties of the atmosphere; aerodynamic characteristics of airfoils, wings, and other components; life and drag phenomena; and topics of current interest.
Flow conservation equations, incompressible Navier-Stokes equations, inviscid irrotational and rotational flows: the Euler equations, the potential and stream function equations. Elementary flows and their superposition, panel method for non-lifting bodies. Airfoil and wing characteristics, aerodynamic forces and moments coefficients. Incompressible flows around thin airfoils, Biot-Savart law, vortex sheets. Incompressible flow around thick airfoils, the panel method for lifting bodies. Incompressible flow around wings, Prandtl’s lifting line theory, induced angle and down-wash, unswept wings, swept wings.
This course is a combination of aircraft performance and basic flight mechanics. It also includes the basics of the aerodynamic build-up of an aircraft to determine aerodynamic coefficients and the so-called stability and control derivatives. Except for takeoff and landing rolls, aircraft performance analyses entail analysis of steady flight conditions. Flight mechanics deals more with the trim and static stability of the aircraft for the steady flight conditions. Steady flight conditions are typically the starting point for small-perturbation dynamics and stability analyses.
Mathematical modelling of dynamic systems; linearization. Laplace transform; transfer functions; transient and steady-state response. Feedback control of single-input, single-output systems. Routh stability criterion. Root-locus method for control system design. Frequency-response methods; Bode plots; Nyquist stability criterion.
Dynamics of Systems
Kinematics of particles. Kinetics of particles. Newton’s laws of motion, energy; momentum. Systems of particles. Kinematics of rigid bodies. Plane motion of rigid bodies: forces and accelerations, energy, momentum.
Jet Propulsion Power Plants
Analysis and performance of various jet and rocket propulsive devices. Foundations of propulsion theory.
Principles of air-breathing jet engines (turboshaft, turboprop, turbojet, ramjet, scramjet) and their applications, aircraft engine matching. Design and analysis of inlets, compressors, combustion chambers, and other elements of propulsive devices. Emphasis is placed on mobile power plants for aerospace applications.
Probability and Statistics in Engineering
Axioms of probability theory. Events. Conditional probability. Bayes theorem. Random variables. Mathematical expectation. Discrete and continuous probability density functions. Transformation of variables. Probabilistic models, statistics, and elements of hypothesis testing (sampling distributions and interval estimation). Introduction to statistical quality control. Applications to engineering problems.
Flight Dynamics & Control
General equations of motion of rigid airplanes and reduction to perturbed state flight situations.Linear equations of motion, dynamic response, state-space methods; Mathematical modelling of airplane and control system analysis in state space. Dynamic stability, phugoid, short period, dutch roll, roll, spiral, and other important modes. Transfer functions and their application. Relationships with handling quality requirements. fundamentals of classical and modern control theory and applications to automatic flight controls. stability augmentation and control augmentation.
Aircraft design including aerodynamic, structural, and power plant characteristics to achieve performance goals. Focus on applications ranging from commercial to military and from manpowered to high-speed to long-duration aircraft. Semester project is a collaborative effort in which small design groups complete the preliminary design cycle of an aircraft to achieve specific design requirements.
Fundamentals of fluid mechanics. Fundamentals of thermodynamics. Introduction to compressible flow. Isentropic flow. Normal shock waves. Frictional flow in constant area ducts. Flow in constant area ducts with friction. Steady and two-dimensional supersonic flows.
Intro. to Computational Fluid Dynamics
The primary focus of this course is to gain a solid foundation of numerical methods for convection-diffusion problems. The emphasis is on the physical meaning underlying the required mathematics. Conservation laws and boundary conditions, finite difference method for various problems; implementation of boundary conditions.
The purpose of this module is to provide competency based training in rotary wing aircraft aerodynamics and operational characteristics. Basic rotor aerodynamics and dynamics, helicopter performance and trim, introduction to helicopter stability, control and vibration.
Design of Machine Elements
Mechanical design principles. Design, manufacture & assembly of basic machine elements. Machine frames, welded, adhesive & bolted joints, fasteners. Stepped shafts & features, rolling element bearings; gear mechanics & manufacture. Design for strength, design for other mechanical failure modes including fatigue, stress concentration. Safety, ergonomics & standards.
Mechanics of Composite Materials
Composite materials and their structural properties. Composite systems. Principles of manufacturing. Structural mechanics of laminated composites. Generalized Hooke`s law. Classical lamination theory. Plane stress problems. Engineering applications. Design principles. Failure criteria and damage tolerance.
Introduction to Astronomy
A course in descriptive astronomy which covers the entire panorama of the universe from the origin and structure of the solar system, to the properties, origin and evolution of stars, galaxies and cosmology.
Scientific method; engineering method; experimental program; report writing; error analysis; principles of transducers; selection of instruments. Dynamic response of instruments; signal processing; digital data acquisition; interfacing transducers to computers; computer control of experiments; smart transducers.
The course aims at giving an overview of different types of fluid machinery used for energy transformation, such as pumps, fans, compressors, as well as wind- , hydraulic, steam- and gas-turbines. Applications for transfer to power, as well as for energy use in refrigeration and the built environment are important.
Experimental techniques in aerodynamics; Pressure, temperature and velocity measurement techniques. Steady and unsteady pressure measurements and various types of pressure probes and transducers, errors in pressure measurements. Measurement of temperature using thermocouples, resistance thermometers, temperature sensitive paints and liquid crystals. Introduction to Velocity measurement using hot wire anemometry, Laser Doppler Velocimetry and Particle Image velocimetry. Data acquisition and digital signal processing techniques.
Static Aeroelasticity: lift distribution on an elastic surface, divergence, aileron effectiveness and reversal. Unsteady aerodynamics: oscillatory and arbitrary motions of a 2-D thin airfoil, strip theory. Dynamic response (to gusts, etc.).
Advanced Energy Conversion
Energy demand and available resources. Renewable sources: wind, wave, tide, geothermal, biogas and solar energy. Fossil fuels, combustion and combustion equipment. Steam generators. Atomic structure, nuclear reactions; decay, fusion and fission. Reactors. Environmental effects.
Experimental Stress Analysis
General principles governing the approach to the solution of problems. Fundamental concepts of stress and strain in 2-D and 3-D. Mechanical and electrical strain gages, strain rosettes.